The climate change movement in China

It may not be expected but there is a definite civil society movement amongst young people in China around climate change…for a small insight into it, see www.seekthechange.org/profiles/china/cycan – it is a youth organisation providing a platform for Chinese youth to do something about the issue.

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Hong Kong, microcosm of the world

There is so much going on here around taking action on environmental issues. Like the city itself, the green scene is diverse, contrasting, varied and FULL of activity and buzz. But the passion of the people I have met and the great things they are doing are happening against a backdrop of extreme wealth inequality, huge pressure on land, a very high environmental footprint and a lot of unsettled and dissatisfied groups of people within Hong Kong (note the protests going on here at the moment).

 

It feels like Hong Kong is a microcosm of the rest of the world – I can see so much natural beauty, cultural diversity and human achievement as well as the many issues and problems there are. It definitely describes itself well as a ‘world city’. For that reason, I think it is an important place to watch, to see where all of these fantastic efforts to sustainability go.

 

Will the hopes of many here to see Hong Kong become a ‘green’ society be realised? Based on the passion, knowledge, expertise and drive of the people I have met here, I would say those hopes can be made reality. They have started – here’s hoping they can make it grow to the scale that it needs to. And if Hong Kong can do it, the rest of the world can do it too.

 

 

Temples, dim sum and discussions about human trafficking and the HK protests – quite a day!

I slept very well last night…

Yesterday on the sightseeing front I explored streets selling fish products, antiques and ginseng, visited Man Mo temple, explored the SoHo area, went down the longest covered escalator, and visited the Hong Kong museum of history.

Besides that I had lunch with Raymond Yap of Heroes Too (see profiles section in a couple of days for more on that!) and learnt lots about their activities and upcoming plans with schools, talked student protests over a veggie wrap at Mana (an incredible veggie place near Central) and went to a talk on human trafficking and slavery which opened my eyes to a whole new issue. Matt Friedmann is an inspiring speaker – here is a TED talk of his – recommended watching!: http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=iU9TeVofkDo

Hong Kong is a place like no other.

 

Hello Hong Kong! Plus blog post on Escape The City…:

I have officially travelled overland all the way from the UK to Hong Kong – I am feeling quite a sense of achievement! I think I am going to have to work out how many miles/km etc to summarise it…

Besides that, I am also very excited to feature on the Escape The City blog – see http://bit.ly/1zDA7JB  – Planting Trees & Setting Up Coffee Shops: Supporting social enterprise from a Taiwanese perspective. Please take a look and share with anyone it might be relevant to!

 

Experiences of environmental issues in China so far

Air pollution

Beijing pollution was not as bad as I expected, at least in terms of fumes. I had a headache for the first 48 hours after arriving which I put down to the air quality, but it then subsided. The smog was not bad for the first few days although on the last 3 days the visibility was appalling – it felt dull and misty despite the sun being out – you just couldn’t see it (or more than 100m in front of you!). I found out later that was a particularly bad patch of pollution.

Shanghai wasn’t as bad as Beijing although I still noticed it. It came up in conversation with Selma how people who can afford to buy air purifiers for their apartments, which just adds to the cause of the problem really.

Apparently it is an issue that the government are now acting upon – a couple of years ago the American Embassy in Shanghai started tweeting about the air pollution index every day and how it compared to the US assessment of what was hazardous. For a while the Chinese government forbode it but now they give smog and air pollution much more attention in the media and have recently set up a research institute to investigate methods for reducing smog after it has been produced (not quite tackling the root cause but I guess at least it is something to help reduce the health risk!).

Waste management

Having come from Russia, I have been impressed at the infrastructure for recycling there is in all of the places we have been to, although I am not sure how much people use the ‘correct’ compartment of the bin (having peered in a few times, it seems not at all).

There are also a lot of old people who collect rubbish to recycle, as informal employment to support themselves – we regularly see old men and women carting huge bags of plastic bottles or sheets of cardboard around.

I have, however, been fairly appalled by the amount of packaging around food products, in supermarkets, at bakeries and fast food places. I bought a snack cake product the other day at the supermarket. It was in a cardboard box which looked like it might have 4-5 little cakes inside. It turned out there were just two cakes and the rest was just plastic packaging – so much of it! Supposedly the government are trying to legally reduce the amount of packaging that can be used on food products to avoid this kind of thing which is good.

Water scarcity

See profile on Thirst under ‘why’.

Food issues

Apparently there have been quite a few protests in relation to food recently e.g. the over-use of pesticides by Lipton Tea, scares to do with rat meat being sold as lamb, yoghurt containing a waste product from shoe factories… there is now a very popular Chinese website indexing all the different food scandals to help people with their consumer choices.

Organic food is becoming popular, particularly amongst parents, although that is not without issues of fraud with organic certificates. Most people resort to buying from sources they trust. The fruit and veg sellers and street markets stock only what is in season, which is a refreshing change from what we experience in the UK – access to everything all year round.

Access to nature

There are a great number of parks and green spaces in central Beijing, and most of the streets are lined with trees which is lovely. It is similarly tree-lined in central Shanghai, though the number of parks are fewer. The parks mostly cost between 10 and 20 yuan (£1-2) to get in but it does not seem to put anyone off from using them. It is a very particular type of nature created e.g. uniform lines of trees in the Temple of Heaven Park, oases of ornamental trees, pretty bridges and water in Behai park, rockeries, and many bright flower arrangements and pots.

In Beijing there did not feel a lack of green space, at least in the areas I was in, but in Shanghai I did begin to notice the lack of grass to walk on and opportunity to find a patch away from other people. For example, in the Yu gardens I was expecting/hoping for a tranquil patch of green but it was all rockeries, bridges, temples, tourists and trees surrounded by paving stones.

In Putuoshan, where we have just come from, an island part of an archipelago 5 hours bus journey south of Shanghai, I was surprised at how little people were interested in the beautiful natural surroundings. It was the temples and monasteries and seafood restaurants that most people were interested in. Time in nature away from other people isn’t for everyone but it makes me wonder if it affects interest in environmental sustainability here.

 

Shanghai connections

I am looking forward to dinner with Selma later, a contact of one of my friends and colleagues back in the UK, to learn more about the environmental and social enterprise landscape here in Shanghai on my last full day here. I am sad to say I didn’t hear back from other organisations based here despite multiple emails – it makes me realise how important the personal connection can be! I have been told there isn’t as much going on in the environmental sphere here but I think I will have more to say on that after our dinner later…